All About Human Resources

Human Resource Highlights

Particulars Details
Course Name Human Resource
Course Levels Undergraduate (UG), Postgraduate (PG), Diploma
Duration UG: 3 Years

PG: 2 Years

Diploma: 1 Year

Admission Process Merit or Entrance based
Entrance Exams CATMAT, XAT, CMATSNAP, etc.
Fees INR 5-20 Lakhs
Average Salary INR 4-8 LPA
Job Profiles HR Manager, Senior HR Manager, HR Business Partner, HR Human Resource Analyst, etc.
Top Recruiters TCS, Wipro, Deloitte, Samsung, Nokia, Reliance, KPMG, and so on.


All About Human Resource

Human resources (HR) are a crucial organizational function that manages the workforce. It encompasses recruitment, hiring, onboarding, training, performance evaluation, and employee relations. HR ensures compliance with labor laws, administers benefits, and promotes employee well-being. It plays a vital role in fostering a positive work culture and resolving conflicts. By aligning employees’ skills with company goals, HR maximizes productivity and efficiency. Emphasizing employee development and retention, HR boosts job satisfaction and loyalty. In summary, HR is instrumental in creating a skilled, engaged, and motivated workforce, contributing to the overall success and growth of an organization.

Why Study Human Resources?

Studying human resources offers several compelling reasons:

  1. Strategic Importance: HR plays a critical role in organizations by managing the most valuable asset – the workforce. Understanding HR helps align personnel management with organizational strategy, ensuring business success.
  2. Talent Acquisition: Effective HR professionals are skilled in recruitment and selection, helping companies find and hire the right people with the necessary skills and cultural fit.
  3. Employee Development: HR oversees training and development programs that enhance employee skills and productivity, leading to higher job satisfaction and employee retention.
  4. Conflict Resolution: HR professionals are trained to handle workplace conflicts and promote a harmonious work environment, fostering a positive culture.

Who Can Pursue Human Resources?

Human resources is a field that welcomes individuals from various educational backgrounds and career paths. Anyone with an interest in people management, organizational development, and workplace dynamics can pursue a career in human resources. Common paths for those interested in HR include:

  1. Graduates: Individuals with a bachelor’s or master’s degree in human resources, business administration, psychology, sociology, or related fields can start their careers in HR.
  2. Career Changers: Professionals from other industries who want to transition into HR can do so by acquiring relevant certifications, attending workshops, or pursuing HR-focused degrees.
  3. Experienced Professionals: People already working in HR or related fields can advance their careers through additional education, specialized training, and professional certifications.
  4. Business Managers: Managers and leaders in other departments who deal with people management may also choose to specialize in HR to enhance their skills in employee relations and talent development.

Human Resource Eligibility Criteria

The following criteria are commonly sought by employers:

  1. Educational Qualification: A bachelor’s degree is usually the minimum requirement for entry-level HR positions. Commonly relevant degrees include Human Resources Management, Business Administration, Psychology, Sociology, or other related fields. Some higher-level HR roles may require a master’s degree in HR or a related discipline.
  2. Relevant Experience: While not always mandatory for entry-level positions, having prior experience in HR, recruitment, or a related field can be advantageous. Mid-to-senior level HR roles often require a few years of HR experience.
  3. Interpersonal and Communication Skills: HR professionals need excellent communication and interpersonal skills to interact with employees, management, and external stakeholders effectively.

Human Resource Entrance Exams 2023

Exam Name Conducting Body Application Period Exam Date Website
NCHM JEE NTA Jan – Feb April
CAT IIMs Aug – Sep November
XAT XLRI Aug – Nov January
MAT AIMA Throughout the year Multiple sessions
CMAT NTA Nov – Dec January


Human Resource Syllabus

Semester Subjects
Semester-1 Principles of Management

Business Communication

Marketing and Management

Organizational Behaviour

Semester-2 Wages and Salary Administration

Business Environment

Production & Operations Management

Human Resource Management

Semester-3 Financial Accounting

Industrial Relations and Labor Law

Information Technology for Management

Compensation & Reward Management

Semester-4 Labour Laws

Management Communication

Operations Management

Company Ethics


Top Human Resource Colleges

College Name Location Website
Xavier School of Management (XLRI) Jamshedpur, Jharkhand
Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) Mumbai, Maharashtra
Management Development Institute (MDI) Gurgaon, Haryana
Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB) Bangalore, Karnataka
Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM) Pune, Maharashtra
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIMC) Kolkata, West Bengal
Department of Management Studies, IIT Delhi Delhi


Human Resource Career Scope: Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Here’s a table format outlining some of the common job profiles in the Human Resources field and some top recruiters in India

Job Profile Description
HR Manager Oversees all HR functions, including recruitment, employee relations, performance management, training, and compliance.
Talent Acquisition Specialist Focuses on recruiting and hiring the right talent, conducting interviews, and collaborating with hiring managers.
Training and Development Manager Designs and implements training programs to enhance employees’ skills and knowledge, fostering professional growth within the company.
Compensation and Benefits Manager Manages employee compensation, benefits, and rewards systems to ensure competitive and fair compensation packages.
Employee Relations Specialist Handles employee grievances, disciplinary actions, and conflict resolution, promoting a positive work environment.
HR Business Partner Collaborates with business leaders to align HR strategies with organizational goals, providing HR support and strategic insights.


Top HR Recruiters

Company Industry
ABC Consultants Human Resources Consulting
Michael Page Recruitment and Talent Management
Randstad India Staffing and Recruitment
Adecco India Staffing and HR Solutions
Kelly Services India Staffing Solutions
TeamLease Services Staffing and HR Solutions
ManpowerGroup India Workforce Solutions
WNS Global Services Business Process Management
Quess Corp Integrated Business Services
Allegis Group Staffing and Recruitment


FAQs on Human Resources

What is Human Resources (HR)?

HR refers to the department within an organization responsible for managing employees and their needs, including recruitment, training, performance evaluation, benefits administration, and employee relations.

Why is HR important for organizations?

HR is crucial as it ensures that the organization’s workforce is aligned with its goals, improves employee satisfaction, resolves conflicts, and ensures compliance with labor laws, ultimately contributing to overall business success.

What are the key functions of HR?

HR functions include talent acquisition, employee onboarding, training and development, performance management, compensation and benefits, employee engagement, and maintaining a positive work culture.

What skills are important for HR professionals?

HR professionals should possess strong communication, interpersonal, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. They should be adaptable, ethical, and have knowledge of labor laws and HR best practices.

How can I pursue a career in HR?

You can start by earning a relevant bachelor’s degree, such as Human Resources Management or Business Administration. Gaining experience through internships or entry-level HR positions and obtaining HR certifications can also boost your career prospects.

What are some common HR certifications?

Some popular HR certifications include Professional in Human Resources (PHR), Society for Human Resource Management Certified Professional (SHRM-CP), and Senior Professional in Human Resources (SPHR).

How does HR contribute to employee development?

HR promotes employee development through training programs, performance evaluations, and career advancement opportunities, ensuring employees acquire the skills needed for professional growth.

How does HR handle employee conflicts?

HR professionals mediate and facilitate conflict resolution between employees, promoting open communication and fair resolution of disputes to maintain a harmonious work environment.

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